This GSEB Class 6 Social Science Notes Chapter 3 Citizenship covers all the important topics and concepts as mentioned in the chapter.
Citizenship Class 6 GSEB Notes
→ The family is a social institution; to which the child comes in contact first. The family is the smallest .unit of a society. A child gets knowledge related to society first from his family. Family is called ‘the school of culture and personality development’. Society is based on the principle of co-operation and it starts with the family.
→ Many social institutions like family, school, neighbourhood, etc. help to mould and develop the personality of a man.
→ The first duty of a child, as a member of the family is to observe the rules and regulations and customs of his family and respect the elders. As a student of the school, a child should observe the regulations of the school and keep good relations and harmony with his co-students.
→ Every person should perform his duties towards the village, taluka, district, state, nation and the world, as a citizen.
→ The identity card issued by the Election Commission is necessary for voting. It is an authentic document for citizenship. An Indian citizen gets a right to vote after completion of 18 years.
→ “A person, who legally belongs to a country and has right and protection of that country, is known as a ‘citizen’ of that country.”
→ Foreigners who are not staying on a permanent basis in India have no right to contest election, to vote, to assume Government position, or any other such rights. Therefore, they are not called Indian citizens.
→ Citizenship means “to stay permanently in a country/ nation, to enjoy the rights given by a State (Govt.), to be faithful to the nation and to perform the duties entrusted to him.”
→ According to the Constitution, citizenship is given by the Union Government to every citizen of India.
→ To get the Indian citizenship, there are four ways:
- by birth and
- by law
- by registration and
- by being a resident for a definite time period.
→ A person, who is born in India or whose parents are born in India gets Indian citizenship automatically. Every foreigner can get the Indian citizenship after a prolong stay in the country, subject to fulfilment of certain conditions.
→ If a foreigner, male or female marries an Indian . citizen, he /she is entitled to become the citizen of India. Any person committing a serious crime of betrayal, loses the Indian citizenship.