Gujarat Board GSEB Textbook Solutions Class 8 Science Chapter 8 Cell Structure and Functions Textbook Questions and Answers, Notes Pdf.
Gujarat Board Textbook Solutions Class 8 Science Chapter 8 Cell Structure and Functions
Gujarat Board Class 8 Science Cell Structure and Functions Textbook Questions and Answers
Indicate whether the following statements are True (T) or False (F).
(a) Unicellular organisms have one-celled body.
(b) Muscle cells are branched.
(c) The basic living unit of an organism is an organ.
(d) Amoeba has irregular shape.
Make a sketch of the human nerve cell. What function do nerve cells perform?
- Nerve cells help in the transfer of messages from various body parts to brain and from brain to various parts of the body.
- They help also in the coordination of the functions of the organs of the body.
Write short notes on the following:
(b) Nucleus of a cell.
(a) Cytoplasm: It is a jellylike substance which is present between nucleus and cell membrane. There are various other organelles present in the cytoplasm. It is made up of carbohydrates, proteins and water.
(b) Nucleus of a Cell: Nucleus is spherical, dense structure situated commonly in the centre of the cell. Nuclear membrane separates the nucleus from cytoplasm. It contains genetic materials like RNA and DNA. Nuclear membrane allows the transfer of materials in the nucleus and cytoplasm. It also contains the threadlike structures called chromosomes which are genetic material. Nucleus controls the various functions of the cell.
Which part of the cell contains organelles?
State three differences between them.
Make sketches of animal and plant cell. state the differences between them.
- Cell wall is present.
- Chloroplast is present.
- It has no centrosome.
- Vacuoles are large or may be single and large as in an onion cell.
- Cell wall is absent.
- Chloroplast is absent.
- Centrosome is present near
- Vacuoles are much smaller as in cheek cells.
State the difference between eukaryotes and prokaryotes.
Eukaryotes have a well designed nucleus and organelles covered with membranes while prokaryotes do not have a well designed nuclear membrane.
Where are chromosomes found in a cell? State their function.
Chromosomes are situated in the nucleus of a cell. They carry characteristics of parent cells to the daughter cells.
‘Cells are the basic structural units of living organisms’. Explain.
Many cell units form many tissues and tissues form an organ. The organs combine to form a complete body. In this way, cell is the structural unit of an organism. Cells perform all the basic functions of an organism. So they are also functional unit of living beings.
Explain why chloroplasts are found only in plant cells.
Photosynthesis is the main process in plants. Photosynthesis takes place in presence of chlorophyll which is found in chloroplasts. So chloroplasts are found only in plant cells.
Complete the crossword with the help of clues given below.
1. This is necessary for photosynthesis.
3. Term for component present in the cytoplasm.
6. The living substance in the cell.
8. Units of inheritance present on the chromosomes.
1. Green plastids.
2. Formed by collection of tissues.
4. It separates the contents of the cell from the surrounding medium.
5. Empty structure in the cytoplasm.
7. A group of cells.